Whole grains

Common types of whole grains are:

  • Barely
  • Oats
  • Rice
  • Wheat

Wheat is the main ingredient used in making whole wheat bread. In the US, wheat is grown in 42 out of 50 states, but the state that grows the most is Kansas.

When a wheat harvest is done, the "kernel" is what is harvested. Inside the kernel is the edible portion known as the "berry." When the entire berry is used to make wheat, it is called "whole wheat" because it includes all parts of the grain. To get the most nutrition from your grains, make sure you look for the word "whole" in the ingredient list of foods you eat that contain grains.


Most people think tomatoes came from Italy since they are such a popular base for Italian dishes, but they actually came from South America. It's believed that the Aztecs were the first to grow them. Ironically, when the tomato made its way to Europe, many people thought they were poisonous and only used them for decorations!

Is it a fruit or is it a vegetable? This remains a highly debated issue even though the "debate" made it all the way to the US Supreme Court! Technically, a tomato is a fruit because of the way it grows, but in 1893 the US Supreme Court ruled that tomatoes were considered a vegetable (however, experts in nutrition go with the technical term, "fruit").

A small village in Spain called Bunyol has what is called "La Tomatina" every year in August. It's a festival when from 11:00 am to 1:00 pm the entire crowd joins in a huge tomato fight!

Tomato soup - YUM! It's been around for a long time. The first tomato soup was made in 1872. Hmm, wonder if they had whole-wheat grilled cheese sandwiches to go along with it?!